Head | Psychiatry | Anorexia or Eating Disorder (Disease)
Anorexia or Eating Disorder: Description
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder. It’s a serious and can be a life-threatening condition and is characterized by not keeping minimal body weight within 15 percent of a persons normal weight. Occasionally it can become chronic.
Other important characteristics of this disorder include a high fear of getting fat, a distorted body image, denial of the seriousness of the illness, and amenorrhea, the absence of at least three consecutive menstrual cycles when they are otherwise expected to occur.
Like all eating disorders, anorexia nervosa tends to occur in pre- or post-puberty, but can develop at any time throughout the lifespan. Anorexia nervosa predominantly affects adolescent girls and young adult women, although it also occurs in boys, men, older women and younger girls.
Causes and Risk factors
One reason in developing anorexia is tendency to achieve an ‘ideal figure’. Certain personality traits common in persons with anorexia nervosa are perfectionism, neuroticism (anxiety-proneness), low self-esteem, and social isolation which usually occur after the behavior associated with anorexia nervosa begins.
The extreme dieting and weight loss of anorexia can lead to a potentially fatal degree of malnutrition. Other possible complications of anorexia include heart-rhythm disturbances, digestive abnormalities, bone density loss, anemia, and hormonal and electrolyte imbalances.
Anorexia or Eating Disorder: Treatment and Diagnosis
The treatment of anorexia must focus on more than just weight gain and often involves a combination of individual, group, and family psychotherapies in addition to nutritional counseling