Benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph): Causes, description, Treatment

Pelvis | Urology | Benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph) (Disease)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph): Description

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), benign enlargement of the prostate (BEP), adenofibromyomatous hyperplasia and incorrectly referred to benign prostatic hypertrophy, is an increase in size of the prostate.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia symptoms are classified as storage or voiding. Storage symptoms include urinary frequency, urgency, urgency incontinence, and voiding at night known as nocturia. Voiding symptoms include urinary stream, hesitancy (needing to wait for the stream to begin), intermittency (when the stream starts and stops intermittently), straining to void, and dribbling.

Complications of enlarged prostate include: acute urinary retention, urinary tract infections like UTIs, bladder stones, bladder damage and kidney damage.

Causes and Risk factors

Prostate gland enlargement is a common condition of older men. The prostate gland is the male organ that produces most of the fluid in semen, the milky-colored fluid that nourishes and transports sperm out of the penis during ejaculation. It sits beneath the bladder. So, when the prostate enlarges, it begins to block (obstruct) urine flow.

The main risk factors for prostate gland enlargement include: aging, family history and where ones from. Prostate enlargement is more common in American and Australian men. Its less common in Chinese, Indian and Japanese men.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph): Treatment and Diagnosis

An initial evaluation for enlarged prostate will likely include: detailed questions about your symptoms, digital rectal exam, neurological exam and urine test.

Patients should decrease fluid intake before bedtime, moderate the consumption of alcohol and caffeine-containing products, and follow timed voiding schedules. The two main medications for management of BPH are alpha blockers and 5a-reductase inhibitors

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