Chest | Gynecology | Breast Lumps (Symptom)
Breast Lumps: Description
Breast lumps are characterized by swellings that feel different from the normal surrounding breast tissue, any mass, or cyst that can be felt in the breast tissue. It is a symptom or sign for a large list of conditions.
As approximately 10% of breast lumps ultimately lead to a diagnosis of breast cancer, therefore it is important for women with a breast lump to receive appropriate evaluation. Once known as fibrocystic disease or fibroadenosis, this is now considered to be a variation of normal. Lumpy breasts do not increase the risk of developing breast cancer. However, any new, distinct, or separate lump should be assessed by a doctor.
For a young woman, a single lump is most likely to be a fibroadenoma. This noncancerous growth is usually round, firm and rubbery, causes no pain, and can be moved about beneath the skin using the fingertips. For an older woman, a lump is more likely to be a noncancerous, fluid-filled breast cyst. Types of breast lumps include cysts and abscess lumps, growths (adenoma) and fatty lumps.
Breast Lumps: Causes
There are many causes of breast lumps. Some of these causes are harmless, while others can be painful and/or dangerous.
Breast Lumps: Causesof breast lumps include infections, injuries, non-cancerous growths, and cancer.
Breast Lumps: Treatment and Diagnosis
Breast lumps are often discovered during a breast self-examination or during a routine check-up and treatments vary depending on the type of lump. Standard breast cysts and abscesses require drainage for treatment, while sebaceous cysts and fatty lumps are best treated by surgical removal.