Head | Psychiatry | Bulimia nervosa (binging vomiting) (Disease)
Bulimia nervosa (binging vomiting): Description
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that involves consuming a large quantity of food in a short period of time, followed by an attempt to get out of the system the food ingested or binge eating and purging. After binge-eating, a number of methods are used to avoid weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting, using laxatives, and excessive exercising.
Many people with bulimia may have had anorexia nervosa in the past or may alternate between the two conditions.
Bulimia signs and symptoms may include: being preoccupied with your body shape and weight, living in fear of gaining weight, feeling that you cant control your eating behavior, eating until the point of discomfort or pain, gastroparesis or delayed emptying, constipation, infertility; eating much more food in a binge episode than in a normal meal or snack, forcing yourself to vomit or exercise too much, misusing laxatives, diuretics or enemas after eating, using dietary supplements or herbal products for weight loss.
Causes and Risk factors
The exact cause of bulimia is unknown. Genetic, psychological, trauma, family, society, or cultural factors may play a role. An increase risk of having bulimia is: psychological and emotional problems, age and sex, societal pressure.
Possible complications include: constipation, dehydration, dental cavities, hemorrhoids, Pancreatitis, heart problems, such as an irregular heartbeat and Heart failure, tears of the esophagus from too much vomiting , Anxiety and depression, drug and alcohol abuse.
Bulimia nervosa (binging vomiting): Treatment and Diagnosis
Bulimia nervosa can be difficult to detect, compared to anorexia nervosa. A psychological exam is necessary. Other investigations include blood and urine tests. Treatment can be managed by either a physician, psychiatrist, or in some cases, a clinical psychologist. Antidepressants may help reduce the symptoms of bulimia when used along with psychotherapy. Dietitians and other health care providers can design an eating plan