Watson Pharmaceuticals | Codeine (Medication)
Codeine is in a group of drugs called narcotic pain medicines. Codeine is used to treat mild to moderately severe pain. Codeine is a weak narcotic pain-reliever and cough suppressant similar to morphine and hydrocodone. In fact, a small amount of codeine is converted to morphine in the body.
The precise mechanism of action of codeine is not known; however, like morphine, codeine binds to receptors in the sensation of pain throughout the body and brain. Codeine increases brain (opioid receptors) that are important for transmitting the tolerance to pain, decreasing discomfort, but the pain still is apparent to the patient….
Codeine: Side Effects
The most frequent side effects of codeine include lightheadedness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and sedation. Other side effects include allergic reactions, constipation, abdominal pain, rash and itching. Codeine is habit forming. Mental and physical dependence can occur but are unlikely when used for short-term pain relief.
If codeine is suddenly withdrawn after prolonged use, symptoms of withdrawal may develop. The dose of codeine should be reduced gradually in order to avoid withdrawal symptoms….
Codeine may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Never share codeine with another person, especially someone with a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a place where others cannot get to it.
Dangerous side effects or death can occur when alcohol is combined with a narcotic pain medicine. Check your food and medicine labels to be sure these products do not contain alcohol. Never take codeine in larger amounts, or for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Tell your doctor if the medicine seems to stop working as well in relieving your pain. Codeine may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert….